Local Parties in Political and Organizational Perspective

By Martin Saiz; Hans Geser | Go to book overview

local parties help to form local majorities, they follow the predilections of the electorate rather than leading the process by forming coherent policy positions. Generalizing upward, these findings imply that the Republican Party will not impose policies too far from the ideological position of the median voter.

The second set of models shows the irrelevancy of mayoral and voter preferences when controlling intergovernmental revenues. The lack of association with state party and ideological measures implies that expenditures are strongly influenced by the federal government. These findings dampen optimism for local governmental autonomy. If the Republican Party reduces funds to cities, it remains to be seen whether local governments will pick up the slack. My analysis shows that there may be some willingness to increase taxes to restore social programs, but the ability to do so may be circumvented by conservative state governments.


Notes
1.
Data on partisan elections came from ICMA, The Municipal Year Book ( Washington, D.C.: International City Management Association, 1984).
2.
I ran all the models with and without the Southern states to account for the effects of Southern political culture. Coefficients of interest in the models with the Southern states remain significant and of the same sign when Southern states are removed.
3.
Data on city expenditures came from the U.S. Bureau of the Census, City Government Finances, 1985-1986, Series G-F 86-4 ( Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1986).

References

Banfield, Edward C., and James Q. Wilson. 1963. City Politics. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Bibby, John F., James L. Gibson, Cornelius P. Cotter, and Robert J. Huckshorn. 1983. "Trends in Party Organizational Strength, 1960-1980". International Political Science Review 4:21-27.

Bledsoe, Timothy, and Susan Welch. 1988. "Patterns of Political Party Activity Among U. S. Cities". Urban Affairs Quarterly 23:249-269.

Christensen, Terry. 1995. Local Politics. Belmont, Calif.: Wadsworth.

Clark, Terry Nichols. 1988. "The Fiscal Austerity and Urban Innovation Project". PS: Political Science and Politics 94:9.

Cotter, Cornelius P., et al. 1984. Party Organizations in American Politics. New York: Praeger.

Erikson, Robert S., Gerald C. Wright, and John P. McIver. 1993. Statehouse Democracy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

-189-

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Local Parties in Political and Organizational Perspective
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page v
  • Contents vii
  • Tables and Figures ix
  • Part One - Theoretical Orientation and Empirical Observations 1
  • 1 - The Local Party as an Object of Interdisciplinary Comparative Study 3
  • Notes 37
  • References 39
  • 2 - Local Political Parties in Comparative Perspective 44
  • Notes 70
  • References 71
  • Part Two - Local Political Parties in Local and National Context 75
  • Notes 98
  • References 98
  • 4 - Local Parties in England 101
  • Notes 121
  • 5 - Local Parties in the German Countryside 123
  • Notes 149
  • References 149
  • 6 - Local Parties and Electioneering in Germany 151
  • Notes 169
  • References 169
  • 7 - Do Political Parties Matter in U.S. Cities? 171
  • Notes 189
  • 8 - Forms of Patronage and Political Parties in the Italian City 191
  • Notes 210
  • References 211
  • 9 - Local Parties in Switzerland 213
  • Notes 239
  • 10 - Local Party Organizations in Denmark 242
  • Notes 269
  • References 270
  • 11 - The Local Party System in Poland 273
  • References 281
  • 12 from Communist Predominance to Multiparty System 283
  • Notes 306
  • Part Three - Conclusion 311
  • References 334
  • Appendix: - Synopsis of Hypotheses 335
  • Index 339
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