SOVIET CULTURAL PROPAGANDA
IN THE NEAR AND MIDDLE EASTby
IVAR SPECTORTHE YEAR 1956 was marked by an intensification of Soviet cultural
propaganda in the Near and Middle East, with some shifts in emphasis as compared with 1955. In the first place, Soviet policy
makers have attempted to establish a pattern for the conditioning of
Asian minds with reference to the significance for the liberation of
the Orient of the Russian Revolution of 1905, the October Revolution of 1917, and the 'Soviet victory' over Nazi Germany in 1945.
Secondly, it has become apparent that the U.S.S.R. no longer acts
alone in the Near and Middle East, but in collaboration with the
Chinese Republic and the Soviet European satellites. Finally, the
Soviet government has ceased to focus its programme exclusively on
the Near East or the Far East, but strives rather for the 'solidarity of
Asia' as a whole, with Moscow functioning as its cultural Mecca.
|1. ||Since 1954 a whole series of Soviet monographs has linked
the rise of the national movements in Turkey, Iran, India, China, Korea, and the Arab countries to the impact throughout Asia of the Russian revolutionary events of 1905. Although as early as 1922 M. Pavlovich, the editor of Novy Vostok, claimed that the 1905
Revolution played the same role in the lives of the peoples of Asia|