The U.S.S.R. and the Colonial Revolution
by A. BENNIGSEN
It is true that Marx wanted the union of the proletariat of the whole world, but he never claimed that all the Russians ought to unite at Tiflis. -- TSERTSVADZE.1
THE IMPLANTATION of the U.S.S.R. in the Middle East marks a very grave, perhaps a crucial moment of world history. After hesitating for nearly forty years, Communist Russia appears suddenly to have decided to extend Socialism to the whole of the colonial world, in the East above all. One may doubt whether Russia is ideologically prepared to face such an evolution of Communism, the first consequence of which would be to shift its centre of gravity towards the colonial and semi-colonial countries.
One may also wonder whether Russia has either the will or the means to employ, towards this end, the human elements which might provide a bond of union between Russia's Communism and her own Mohammedans. Nearly 30 million Turks, Iranians, and Caucasians make up a weighty factor in Soviet Russia's Oriental politics; but is it one that she can integrate in her calculations?
The first theoreticians of Communism, too preoccupied by Western affairs, had no definite doctrines about the colonial revolution or about national minorities. For Marx and Engels, the national____________________