The Middle East in Transition: Studies in Contemporary History

By Walter Z. Laqueur | Go to book overview

NATIONALISM AND COMMUNISM IN THE ARAB WORLD: A RE-APPRAISAL

by A. V. SHERMAN

THE SURPRISE which the political developments of recent years in Egypt and Syria have occasioned is as good a hint as any that our ideas not only on Arab nationalism, but also on Communism, are due for critical revision, and that, so long as this apparently painful task is put off, we shall be due for further cycles of the illusion and disillusionment which have characterized the attitude of allegedly 'informed circles' on Middle Eastern affairs during the past decade.

In this essay I should like to suggest that the assimilation and 'Arabization' of Communist techniques and ideas by Arab nationalist movements was not accidental, a product of the whims or personal idiosyncrasies of one or two leaders, nor was it the fruit of a mistake made by the West at some point or other in 'antagonizing the Arabs', or failing to 'win them over' by some stratagem or other. On the contrary, it resulted from the inherently authoritarian tendencies of the Arab nationalist movements themselves.

I shall further suggest that Communism, as it reaches the Arab nationalists, is not a creed of social revolution aiming at justice for the underdog and based mainly on the aspirations of peasants and workers; it is the ideology and technique of ruling classes (or aspirants to power); of soldiers and bureaucrats. These ideas and techniques, far from leading towards the establishment of a new and more advanced form of society in the Middle East, serve to provide the military-bureaucratic classes with instruments and rationalizations for re-establishing the traditional Middle Eastern despotism,

-444-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
The Middle East in Transition: Studies in Contemporary History
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 518

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.