Individualism, diversity, variety in government. Pro- federalists, anti-federalists, and "picket fence" federalism. Revenue sharing. Rich states and poor states. The demarcation criterion. The fifty-first state.
Parallel play--room for states, room for national government, and room for them together--was once the neat theory of the American federal system. Under the prevailing image of the layer cake, the parts never overlapped except when constitutionally mandated. When it was observed that the parallel lines had really intermingled to become a marble instead of a layer cake, there was confusion but not consternation. As. Daniel Elazar has demonstrated, cooperative