Political Science: The State of the Discipline II

By Ada W. Finifter | Go to book overview
U.S. National Election Studies, yield higher levels of constraint than did The American Voter's scales (e.g., Sullivan et al. 1978), and Krosnick ( 1991) new methodology yields even more reliable and stable issue measurement.
Downs's work has been used to justify much more demanding "rational choice" models of voter decision making that assume high levels of information and sophistication that are unmet by contemporary electorates. Unfortunately, Downs's sensitivity to the pragmatic limits of citizen action are often missing from this later work.
The 1988 New York Times exit poll found that white fundamentalist or evangelical Christians made up 9% of the electorate and voted 81% Republican.
Germans, for example, are increasingly able to identify the party leanings of unions, business, and the churches -- at the same time that the social characteristics linked to these cleavages are having a decreasing impact on party choice ( Dalton 1992, chap. 8).
From the European perspective, observers such as Philip Williams have been left wondering "how in the 1980s American political parties can be said to have lost power when they hardly ever had any" (quoted in Epstein 1986, 5).
For instance, the German version of the party identification question specifically cues the respondent that it is asking about long-term partisan leanings: "Many people in the Federal Republic lean toward a particular party for a long time, although they may occasionally vote for a different party. How about you?"
See the excellent review of this literature in Niemi and Weisberg ( 1993b).
Bradley Richardson ( 1991) research on the linkage between partisanship and social cleavage attachments suggests that the decline of cleavage alignments reinforces the trend of partisan dealigmnent (also see Franklin 1992).
A simple comparison of the electoral experiences of a typical European and American voter highlights this difference in the amount of voting. For example, between 1985 and 1990 a resident of Cambridge, England, was called to the polls to make four decisions; a resident of Irvine, California, could have cast several hundred votes in the same period. In one 1990 trip to the polls a voter in Irvine was asked to make 59 separate decisions on the ballot.


Abramson, Paul R. 1992. "Of Time and Partisan Instability in Britain." British Journal of Political Science 22:381-395.

Abramson, Paul R., and John H. Aldrich. 1982. "The Decline of Electoral Participation in America." American Political Science Review 76:502-21.

Abramson, Paul R., John H. Aldrich, and David W. Rohde. 1991. Change and Continuity in the 1988 Elections. Washington, DC: Congressional Quarterly Press.

Abramson, Paul R., and Charles W. Ostrom, Jr. 1991. "Macropartisanship: An Empirical Reassessment." American Political Science Review 85:181-92.

Aitkin, Don. 1977. Stability and Change in Australian Politics. New York: St. Martins.

Alford, Robert. 1963. Party and Society: The Anglo-American Democracies. Chicago: Rand McNally.

Allardt, Erik. 1968. "Past and Emerging Political Cleavages." In Party Organization and the Politics of the New Masses, ed. O. Stammer . Berlin: Institute of Political Science at the Free University.

Almond, Gabriel, and Sidney Verba. 1963. The Civic Culture. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Almond, Gabriel, and Sydney Verba, ed. 1980. The Civic Culture Revisited. Boston: Little Brown.

Alt, John. 1984. "Dealignment and the Dynamics of Partisanship in Britain." In Electoral Change in Advanced Industrial Democracies, ed. Russell Dalton, Scott Flanagan, and Paul Allen Beck . Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Andeweg, Rudy. 1982. Dutch Voters Adrift. Ph.D. diss. University of Leiden.

Baker, Kendall, Russell Dalton, and Kai Hildebrandt. 1981. Germany Transformed: Political Culture and the New Politics. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Barber, Benjamin. 1984. Strong Democracy. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Barnes, Samuel, Max Kaase, et al. 1979. Political Action: Mass Participation in Five Western Democracies. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.

Bartolini, and Peter Mair. 1990. Identity, Competition, and Electoral Availability. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Bean, Clive. n.d. "The Electoral Influence of Party Leader Images in Australia and New Zealand." Comparative Political Studies.

Bean, Clive, and Anthony Mughan. 1989. "Leadership Effects in Parliamentary Elections in Australia and Britain." American Political Science Review 83:1165-79.

Beck, Paul Allen. 1984. "The Dealignment Era in America." In Electoral Change in Advanced Industrial Democracies, ed. Russell Dalton, Scott Flanagan, and Paul Allen Beck. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Beck, Paul Allen et al. 1992. "Patterns and Sources of Ticket-Splitting in Subpresidential Voting." American Political Science Review 86:916-928.

Benney, M. et al. 1956. How People Vote. London: Humanities Press.

Berelson, Bernard, Paul Lazarsfeld, and William McPhee. 1954. Voting: A Study of Opinion Formation in a Presidential Campaign. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Bishop, George et al. 1978. "Effects of Question Wording and Format on Political Attitude Consistency." Public Opinion Quarterly 42:81-92.

Borre, Ole. 1984. "Critical Electoral Change in Scandinavia." In Electoral Change in Advanced Industrial Democracies, ed. Russell Dalton, Scott Flanagan, and Paul Beck. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Brown, Steven D. et al. 1988. "In the Eye of the Beholder: Leader Images in Canada." Canadian Journal of Political Science 21:729-55.

Budge, Ian, Ivor Crewe, and Dennis eds Farlie. 1976. Party Identification and Beyond: Representations of Voting and Party Competition. New York: Wiley.

Budge, Ian, and Farlie, Dennis. 1983. Explaining and Predicting Elections: Issue Effects and Party Strategies in Twenty-three Democracies. New York: Allen & Unwin.

Burnham, Walter Dean. 1970. Critical Elections and the Mainsprings of American Politics. New York: Norton.

Burnham, Walter Dean. 1980. "The Appearance and Disappearance of the American Voter." In Electoral Participation, ed. Richard Rose . Beverly Hills: Sage Publications.

Burnham, Walter Dean. 1991. "Critical Realignment: Dead or Alive." In The End of Realignment, ed. Byron Shafer. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.

Butler, David, and Austin Ranney, eds. 1981. Referendums: A Comparative Study of Practice and Theory. Washington, DC: American Enterprise Institute.

Butler, David, and Donald Stokes. 1969. Political Change in Britain: Forces Shaping Electoral Choice. New York: St. Martin's.

Butler, David, and Donald Stokes. 1974. Political Change in Britain: The Evolution of Electoral Choice. 2nd ed. New York: St. Martin's.


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Political Science: The State of the Discipline II
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page i
  • Table of Contents v
  • Preface vii
  • Theory and Method 1
  • 1: Texts and Canons: The Status of the "Great Books" in Political Theory 3
  • Conclusion 21
  • Notes 22
  • Bibliography 23
  • 2: Political Theory in the 1980s: Perplexity Amidst Diversity 27
  • Notes 43
  • Bibliography 43
  • Additional Bibliography 46
  • 3: Feminist Challenges to Political Science 55
  • Notes 72
  • Bibliography 73
  • 4: Formal Rational Choice Theory: A Cumulative Science of Politics 77
  • Concluding Comments 97
  • Notes 98
  • Bibliography 101
  • 5: The Comparative Method 105
  • Conclusion 116
  • Notes 117
  • Bibliography 117
  • 6: The State of Quantitative Political Methodology 121
  • Conclusion 148
  • Notes 148
  • Bibliography 150
  • Political Processes and Individual Political Behavior 161
  • 7: Comparative Political Parties: Research and Theory 163
  • Conclusion 183
  • Notes 184
  • Bibliography 185
  • 8: The Not So Simple Act of Voting 193
  • Notes 213
  • Bibliography 214
  • 9: The New Look in Public Opinion Research 219
  • Notes 240
  • Bibliography 240
  • 10: Expanding Disciplinary Boundaries 247
  • Conclusion 269
  • Notes 271
  • Bibliography 271
  • 11: Citizens, Contexts, and Politics 281
  • Conclusion: Putting the Puzzle Back Together 299
  • Bibliography 300
  • 12: Political Communication 305
  • Conclusions 323
  • Bibliography 324
  • Political Institutions of the State 333
  • 13: Legislatures: Individual Purpose and Institutional Performance 335
  • Conclusions: Behavior, Institutions, and Theory 354
  • Notes 357
  • Bibliography 357
  • 14: Public Law and Judicial Politics 365
  • 15: Political Executives and Their Officials 383
  • Conclusion 402
  • Bibliography 403
  • 16: Public Administration: The State of the Field 407
  • Notes 423
  • Bibliography 424
  • Nations and Their Relationships 429
  • 17: Comparative Politics 431
  • Conclusion 443
  • Notes 444
  • Bibliography 446
  • 18: Global Political Economy 451
  • Conclusion 474
  • Notes 476
  • Bibliography 477
  • Conclusions 483
  • Conclusions 503
  • Notes 504
  • Bibliography 505
  • Appendix 511
  • Contributors 513
  • Index of Cited Authors 517


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