Political Science: The State of the Discipline II

By Ada W. Finifter | Go to book overview

what are the consequences for the observation and measurement of contextual influence ( Sprague 1976)? If compliant, law-abiding behavior on the part of citizens depends on the distribution of that behavior among others, what are the consequences for the organized coercive efforts of governments to maintain public order and control ( Salert and Sprague 1980; Huckfeldt 1989; Huckfeldt 1990)? How does the micro environment shape the development of public attitudes toward law ( Franklin and Kosaki 1989)? How does the competitive campaign environment affect the dynamics of money raising and candidate interaction ( McBurnett and Kenny 1992)? How does class consciousness affect the potential of social democratic parties to expand the class basis of their support ( Przeworski and Sprague 1987)? If political competition occurs between racial groups within the same party coalition, what are the consequences for racial polarization between parties ( Huckfeldt and Kohfeld 1989)?

These modeling enterprises occur in various modes using various methodologies. Some are aimed at fitting models to aggregate data ( Brown 1991). Others are aimed at exploring aggregate dynamic consequences ( Przeworksi and Sprague 1987; Huckfeldt and Kohfeld 1989). But in every instance they are concerned with the political consequences of interdependence among citizens. In short, the specification of interdependence is not an end in itself. Rather, it serves as a vehicle that makes it possible to move back and forth between levels of analysis. Lacking a specification of interdependence, we are unable to move from the individual back to the aggregate. The analytic journey that culminates in an individual level analysis of political behavior becomes a one-way trip. We develop a more complete understanding of the individual psyche and individual motives, but we are unable to relate these parts to the whole. But interdependent electorates, rather than individual voters, shape the course of democratic politics, and it is the task of contextual hypotheses and theories to specify and explain those politically relevant interdependencies.


Abowitz, Deborah A. 1990. "Sociopolitical Participation and the Significance of Social Context: A Model of Competing Interests and Obligations." Social Science Quarterly 71:543-566.

Achen, Christopher H. 1986. The Statistical Analysis of Quasi-Experiments. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Alt, James. 1992. "Race and Voter Registration in the South Before and After the Voting Rights Act." In Controversies in Minority Voting: A Twenty-five Year Perspective on the Voting Rights Act of 1965, ed. Bernard N. Grofman and Chandler Davidson. Washington, DC: Brookings.

Alwin, Duane F. 1976. "Assessing School Effects: Some Identities." Sociology of Education 49:294-303.

Berelson, Bernard R., Paul Lazarsfeld, and William N. McPhee. 1954. Voting: A Study of Opinion Formation in a Presidential Election. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Blau, Peter M. 1956. "Social Mobility and Interpersonal Relations." American Sociological Review 21:290-295.

Blau, Peter M. 1957. "Formal Organization: Dimensions of Analysis." American Journal of Sociology 65:58-69.

Blau, Peter M. 1960a. "Structural Effects." American Sociological Review 25:178-193.

Blau, Peter M. 1960b. "A Theory of Social Integration." American Journal of Sociology 65:545-556.

Bobo, Lawrence. 1983. "Whites' Opposition to Busing: Symbolic Racism or Realistic Group Conflict?" Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 45:1196-1210.

Bobo, Lawrence. 1988a. "Attitudes Toward the Black Political Movement: Trends, Meaning, and Effects on Racial Policy Preferences." Social Psychology Quarterly 51:287-302.

Bobo, Lawrence. 1988b. "Group Conflict, Prejudice, and the Paradox of Contemporary Racial Attitudes." In Eliminating Racism: Profiles in Controversy, ed. Phyllis A. Katz and Dalmas A. Taylor . New York: Plenum Press.

Bobo, Lawrence, and Franklin D. Gilliam. 1990. "Race, Sociopolitical Participation, and Black Empowerment." American Political Science Review 84:377-393.

Books, John W., and Charles L. Prysby. 1991. Political Behavior and the Local Context. New York: Praeger.

Boudon, Raymond. 1963. "Proprietes Individuelles et Proprietes Collectives: Une Probleme d'Analyse Ecologique." Revue Française de Sociologie 4:275-299.

Boudon, Raymond. 1986. Theories of Social Change: A Critical Appraisal. Trans. J. C. Whitehouse. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Boyd, Lawrence H., Jr., and Gudmund R. Iversen. 1979. Contextual Analysis: Concepts and Statistical Techniques. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.

Brown, Courtney. 1981. "Group Membership and the Social Environment: Multiple Influences on Political Attitudes and Behaviors." Ph.D. diss. Washington University.

Brown, Courtney. 1991. Ballots of Tumult: A Portrait of Volatility in American Voting. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Brown, Thad A. 1981. "On Contextual Change and Partisan Attitudes." British Journal of Political Science 11:427-448.

Brown, Thad A. 1988. Migration and Politics: The Impact of Population Mobility on American Voting Behavior. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

Burstein, Leigh. 1978. "Assessing Differences Between Grouped and Individual-Level Regression Coefficients: Alternative Approaches." Sociological Methods and Research 7:5-28.

Burt, Ronald S. 1987. "Social Contagion and Innovation: Cohesion Versus Structural Equivalence." American Journal of Sociology 92:1287-1335.

Butler, David, and Donald Stokes. 1969. Political Change in Britain New York: St. Martin's Press.

Calvert, Randall L. 1985. "The Value of Biased Information: A Rational Choice Model of Political Advice." Journal of Politics 47:530-555.

Campbell, Angus, Philip E. Converse, Warren E. Miller, and Donald E. Stokes . 1960. The American Voter. New York: John Wiley.

Carmines, Edward G., and James H. Kuklinski. 1990. "Incentives, Opportunities, and the Logic of Public Opinion in AmericanPolitical Representation."


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Political Science: The State of the Discipline II
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page i
  • Table of Contents v
  • Preface vii
  • Theory and Method 1
  • 1: Texts and Canons: The Status of the "Great Books" in Political Theory 3
  • Conclusion 21
  • Notes 22
  • Bibliography 23
  • 2: Political Theory in the 1980s: Perplexity Amidst Diversity 27
  • Notes 43
  • Bibliography 43
  • Additional Bibliography 46
  • 3: Feminist Challenges to Political Science 55
  • Notes 72
  • Bibliography 73
  • 4: Formal Rational Choice Theory: A Cumulative Science of Politics 77
  • Concluding Comments 97
  • Notes 98
  • Bibliography 101
  • 5: The Comparative Method 105
  • Conclusion 116
  • Notes 117
  • Bibliography 117
  • 6: The State of Quantitative Political Methodology 121
  • Conclusion 148
  • Notes 148
  • Bibliography 150
  • Political Processes and Individual Political Behavior 161
  • 7: Comparative Political Parties: Research and Theory 163
  • Conclusion 183
  • Notes 184
  • Bibliography 185
  • 8: The Not So Simple Act of Voting 193
  • Notes 213
  • Bibliography 214
  • 9: The New Look in Public Opinion Research 219
  • Notes 240
  • Bibliography 240
  • 10: Expanding Disciplinary Boundaries 247
  • Conclusion 269
  • Notes 271
  • Bibliography 271
  • 11: Citizens, Contexts, and Politics 281
  • Conclusion: Putting the Puzzle Back Together 299
  • Bibliography 300
  • 12: Political Communication 305
  • Conclusions 323
  • Bibliography 324
  • Political Institutions of the State 333
  • 13: Legislatures: Individual Purpose and Institutional Performance 335
  • Conclusions: Behavior, Institutions, and Theory 354
  • Notes 357
  • Bibliography 357
  • 14: Public Law and Judicial Politics 365
  • 15: Political Executives and Their Officials 383
  • Conclusion 402
  • Bibliography 403
  • 16: Public Administration: The State of the Field 407
  • Notes 423
  • Bibliography 424
  • Nations and Their Relationships 429
  • 17: Comparative Politics 431
  • Conclusion 443
  • Notes 444
  • Bibliography 446
  • 18: Global Political Economy 451
  • Conclusion 474
  • Notes 476
  • Bibliography 477
  • Conclusions 483
  • Conclusions 503
  • Notes 504
  • Bibliography 505
  • Appendix 511
  • Contributors 513
  • Index of Cited Authors 517


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