Diversity and Affirmative Action in Public Service

By Walter D. Broadnax | Go to book overview

Notes

The author is grateful to Jerry Legge and Frank Thompson for helpful comments on earlier drafts of this article. Gratitude is also due to the U.S. Office of Personnel Management for providing access to statistical data from the Central Personnel Data File for this analysis. A previous version of this article was presented at the annual ASPA meeting in Indianapolis, March 1985.

1.
Samuel Krislov, The Negro in Federal Employment ( Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1967), p. 100.
2.
John P. Fernandez, Block Managers in White Corporations ( New York: John Wiley and Sons, 1975), p. 62.
3.
James R. Kluegel, "The Causes and Cost of Racial Exclusion from Job Authority," American Sociological Review, vol. 43 ( June 1978), pp. 285-301; Wendy C. Wolf and Neil D. Fligstein , "Sex and Authority in the Workplace: The Causes of Sexual Inequality," American Sociological Review, vol. 44 ( April 1979), pp. 235-252; idem., "Sexual Stratification: Differences in Power in the Work Setting," Social Forces, vol. 56 ( September 1979), pp. 823-844.
4.
Rosabeth Moss Kanter, Men and Women of the Corporation ( New York: Basic Books, Inc., 1977), p. 58.
6.
William Chapman Bradbury, Jr., "Racial Discrimination in the Federal-Service," Ph.D. dissertation, Columbia University, 1952; Krislov, Negro in Federal Employment.
7.
"Are Women Executives People?" Harvard Business Review, vol. 43 ( July/August 1965), p. 166.
8.
"How Good Are Women Bosses?" Changing Times ( April 1967), p. 16.
9.
Based on 1 percent sample, U.S. Office of Personnel Management, Central Personnel Data File, 1982.
10.
U.S. Civil Service Commission, Supervisory Grade-Evaluation Guide and Qualification Standard ( 1976), p. 3.
11.
5 U.S.C. 7103 (a)(10).
12.
Civil Service Commission, Supervisory Grade Guide, p. 4.
13.
Clifford W. Dyhouse and Sharrell L. Smoot, "CPDF/OPF Accuracy Survey Error Rates by Data Element," U.S. Office of Personnel Management, Quality Assurance Branch, Workforce Information Division, Agency Compliance and Evaluation (June 1980).
14.
See John Neter and William Wasserman, Applied Linear Statistical Models ( Homewood, Ill.: Richard D. Irwin, Inc., 1974), pp. 326-328.
15.
Since 9 of 21 supervisory/managerial positions held by native Americans in this sample are in the Department of the Interior, their apparent advantage may be largely due to the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
16.
Arthur J. Corazzini, "Equality of Employment Opportunity in the Federal White- Collar Civil Service," Journal of Human Resources, vol. 7 ( Fall 1972), pp. 424-445; James E. Long , "Employment Discrimination in the Federal Sector," Journal of Human Resources, vol. 11 ( Winter 1976), pp. 86-97; Sharon P. Smith, "Government Wage Differentials by Sex," Journal of Human Resources, vol. 11 ( Spring 1976), pp. 185-199; Patricia A. Taylor, "Income Equality in the Federal Civilian Government," American Sociological Review, vol. 44 ( June 1979), pp. 468-479; Burke D. Grandjean, "History and Career in a BureaucraticLabor Market,"

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