CONCLUDING REMARKS: DEVELOPMENT AND HUMAN VALUES
Many people would agree that the most urgent problem of contemporary Africa is development. Beyond this, however, there is hardly any consensus on either the question of what development is or on the means to achieve it. There is as much controversy over the appropriate socio-political structures required as over the necessary re-orientations, if any, in thought and practice. The question of the relevant educational policies and goals continues to divide people. To focus discussion in a rewarding way, we may approach the issue by addressing three questions that still seem to remain unresolved.  What is the nature of development needed by Africa?  What kind of political-economic structure is best suited to this development?  Does this development require any cultural reconstruction i.e. re-orientation in thought and practice away from traditional outlook? Or should the development effort be reconciled with tradition? I intend, in these concluding remarks, to attempt a very brief review of the problems.
Development is a multi-faceted and complex phenomenon. Any talk of development for Africa must therefore isolate the issues involved. In the various debates generated by the issue, there is a general consensus that there are at least three aspects of any society that is the focus of development:economic, political and social. Thus we talk of economic development, political development and social development. But development itself, in relation to these aspects, suggests positive and sustained growth. It is the movement from a lower to a higher stage of existence. In the context of nations, it connotes the realization of higher capacities for satisfying the needs of the citizens. Thus economic development suggests the capacity of a society to overcome the scourges of poverty, starvation,