IN THIS SURVEY of the United States, the Arab-Israeli conflict, and the Palestine question for the year 1974, attention has been focused on the following areas: the disengagement diplomacy in connection with the Sinai and Golan accords, President Nixon's visit, the oil dimension for 1974, the diplomatic stalemate on the Jordan, and the United States and the Palestine Liberation Organization. The survey ends with two brief case studies of the pro-Israel lobby at work during the year.
During the first half of 1974 the center of gravity of American diplomacy tended to be located in the Near East, where the Secretary of State shuttled back and forth between the various capitals to fashion two widely acclaimed disengagement agreements. These were followed by President Nixon's historic visit to the area. Thereafter, and especially after the denouement of Watergate, the center of gravity returned to Washington, with a brief interlude at the UN in New York on the occasion of Yasir Arafat's appearance. With regard to momentum, American diplomatic initiatives were conducted____________________