The Language of Lying
Man was given a tongue with which to speak and words to hide his thoughts.
The full genius of language is inseparable from the impulse to concealment and fiction.
The language of lying is often complex and confusing, reflecting the nature of the subject itself. Deception occurs by a variety of means, some with conscious intent and others without. To lie is, by definition, to be deceptive, but not all forms of deception are lying. In this chapter, I consider the various definitions of lying and its associated permutations, the use of nonverbal communication to deceive, and some of the language used to describe the phenomenon of self-deception.
Webster's Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary ( 1971) defines "to lie" as 1) to assert something known or believed by the speaker to be un-