Approaches for the
No man can be secret, except he give himself a little scope of dissimulation; which is, as it were, but the skirts or train of secrecy.
--Sir Francis Bacon
Lying is a ubiquitous behavior and is not of itself an indication for psychiatric or psychological treatment. Relatively few persons ever seek treatment for an acknowledged problem with lying; when they do, it is usually at the instigation of another person. However, psychotherapists encounter deceit on a daily basis. Most frequently, this deceit is in the form of self-deception. The very heart of insight- oriented psychotherapy lies in the therapist's interpreting the patient's self-deception in a way that the patient can understand. Occasionally, the therapist will encounter outright lies during the course of psychotherapy. If handled correctly by the therapist, such lies can be very meaningful and useful for therapeutic purposes. They do, however, tend to engender considerable emotional responses within the therapist.