Lippincott's Magazine of Literature, Science and Education, 1868-1871; Lippincott's Magazine of Popular Literature and Science, 1871-1885; Lippincott's Magazine: A Popular Journal of General Literature, Science and Politics, 1886-1903; Lippincott's Monthly Magazine: A Popular Journal of General Literature, 1903- 1914; Lippincott's Magazine, 1915; McBride's Magazine, 1915.
Semiannual volumes. Vol. 1-96, January 1868-August 1915. Vol. 27-36 also called New Series, Vols. 1-10. Monthly.
J. B. Lippincott and Company, Philadelphia, 1868-1914; McBride, Nast and Company, New York, 1914-1915.
Lloyd Smith, 1868-1870; John Foster Kirk, 1870-1884; J. Bird, 1885; William Shepherd Walsh, 1885-1889; Henry Stoddart, 1889-1896; Frederic M. Bird, 1896-1898; Harrison S. Morris, 1899-1905; J. Berg Esenwein, 1905-1914; Louise Bull, 1914; Edward Frank Allen, 1914-1915.
Jean M. Parker
When the Literary Digest first appeared in March of 1890, it placed itself in competition with the weekly Current Opinion (published in Washington) and W. T. Stead's monthly Review of Reviews* (published in London). The early Literary Digest featured, not excerpts from, but condensed rewritings of articles from American, Canadian, English, French, German, and Italian magazines. These rewritings, called "reviews," were arranged by general topic: the first section of the magazine included reviews in sociological, industrial, political, scientific, literary and artistic, and miscellaneous areas. A second section, called "The Press," included snippings from various newspapers about political, social, foreign, and religious topics. The back section of the magazine included several short book reviews, a brief index of periodical literature, a list of Books of the Week, and a listing of current events. The weekly's subtitle, A Repository of Contemporaneous Thought and Research as Presented in the Periodical Literature of the World, portrays well the portentous mission and tone the twenty- eight-page digest had set for itself.
The publisher and first editor of the Digest, as the magazine came to be known, was Isaac Kauffman Funk. A Lutheran clergyman whose efforts ranged from lexicography to prohibition, Funk seems to have regarded the Digest's condensations as useful for theologians and professional men who needed quick exposure