Weekly, 1845-1934; semimonthly, 1934-1935; monthly, 1935- . Vols. 1-32 1845-1877, annual volumes, thereafter semiannual volumes; suspended 11 February 1932-5, September 1933; monthly from 5 September 1933-ca. 1970s.
Enoch E. Camp and George Wilkes, 1845-1848; George Wilkes, 1848-1866; George W. Matsell and Company, 1866-1874; Herbert R. Mooney and Charles A. Lederer, 1874-1877; Richard K. Fox, 1877-1922; Charles J. Fox, 1922-1932; Police Gazette Corporation, owned by editors, 1933-ca. 1970s. In 1968 Harold H. Roswell appears to have sold the magazine to J. Azaria of 1434 St. Catherine St., W. Montreal 107, Quebec, Canada.
Same as publishers, 1845-1922; Ralph D. Robinson, 1923-1932; Merle W. Hersey, 1933-1935; Edward E. Eagle and Harold H. Roswell, 1935-1937; H. H. Roswell, 1937-1968; Nat K. Perlow, 1968-?
11 October 1845, 8,600; after three issues, 15,000; January-February 1846, 20,000; September 1846, 23,000; 1889, 500,000 (thought to be an all-time high); 1935, 20,000 to 40,000; 1940, 83,715; 1970s, 300,000. (Most of these figures are self-reported.)
National Review includes one long feature, several short articles, several reviews of culture, a column by editor Buckley called "On the Right," and a popular crossword puzzle in each biweekly issue. In spite of this consistent format, few readers would associate the magazine with any of its individual features as strongly as with William F. Buckley, Jr., the only editor National Review has ever had, and with American conservatism. While National Review's role in the emergence of conservatism in America is the magazine's most significant achievement, one can hardly overestimate Buckley's role in this achievement. The following essay addresses the importance of National Review to American conservatism and neglects biographical data about Buckley (his intellectual positions form, of course, much of the history of National Review). Readers interested in a biographical treatment of Buckley and a review of his writing should consult Mark Royden Winchell William F. Buckley, Jr. ( Boston: Twayne, 1984).
Shortly after the vote was in for the 1980 presidential election, National Review noted: "With the election of Ronald Reagan, National Review assumes a new importance in American life. We become, as it were, an establishment organ; and we feel it only appropriate to alter our demeanor accordingly. This is therefore the last issue in which we shall indulge in levity. Connoisseurs of humor will