tecture of expert systems; (c) issues relevant to the expert system-user interface, such as explanation and automated knowledge acquisition; and (d) methods applicable to knowledge elicitation. Increased communication between the areas of knowledge engineering and cognitive psychology would not only advance expert systems technology but would also provide a test bed for cognitive theories of expertise.
Adelson B. ( 1981). "Problem solving and the development of abstract categories in programming languages". Memory & Cognition, 9, 422-433.
Adelson B. ( 1984). "When novices surpass experts: The difficulty of a task may increase with expertise". Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 10,483-495.
Aikins J. ( 1983). "Prototypical knowledge for expert systems". Artificial Intelligence, 20,163-210.
Anderson J. R. ( 1981). "Effects of prior knowledge on memory for new information". Memory & Cognition, 9,237-246.
Anderson J. R. ( 1983). The architecture of cognition. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Anderson J. R. ( 1985). Cognitive psychology and its implications. New York: W. H. Freeman.
Arkes H. R., & Hammond K. R. (Eds.). ( 1986). Judgment and decision making: An interdisciplinary reader. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Ashcraft M. H. ( 1989). Human memory and cognition. Glenview, IL: Scott, Foresman.
Barr A., & Feigenbaum E. A. (Eds.). ( 1982). The handbook of artificial intelligence (Vol. 2). Los Altos, CA: William Kaufmann.
Best J. ( 1989). Cognitive psychology. St Paul, MN: West Publishing Co.
Boose J. H., & Gaines B. R. ( 1988). Knowledge acquisition tools for expert systems (Vol. 2). Cambridge, MA: Academic Press.
Butler K. A., & Corter J. E. ( 1986). "The use of psychometric tools for knowledge acquisition: A case study". In W. Gale (Ed.), Artificial intelligence and statistics (pp. 295-319). Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.
Carbonell J. G. ( 1986). "Derivational analogy: A theory of reconstructive problem solving and expertise acquisition". In R. S. Michalski, J. G. Carbonell , & T. M. Mitchell (Eds.), "Machine learning: An artificial intelligence approach" (pp. 371-392). Los Altos, CA: Morgan Kaufmann.
Charness N. ( 1976). "Memory for chess positions: Resistance to interference". Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Learning and Memory, 2,641-653.
Charness N. ( 1981). "Search in chess: Age and skill differences". Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 7,467-476.
Chase W. G., & Ericsson K. A. ( 1981). "Skilled memory". In J. R. Anderson (Ed.), Cognitive skills and their acquisition (pp. 141-189). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Chase W. G., & Simon H. A. ( 1973a). "Perception in chess". Cognitive Psychology, 5,55-81.
Chase W. G., & Simon H. A. ( 1973b). "The mind's eye in chess". In W. G. Chase (Ed.), Visual information processing. New York: Academic Press.
Chi M. T. H., Feltovich P. J., & Glaser R. ( 1981). "Categorization and representation of physics problems by experts and novices". Cognitive Science, 5,121-152.
Chi M. T. H., Glaser R., & Rees E. ( 1981). Expertise in problem solving. Technical report, Learning Research and Development Center, University of Pittsburgh.
Chiesi H. L., Spilich G. J., & Voss J. F. ( 1979). "Acquisition of domain-related information in relation to high and low domain information". Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 18,257-273.
Claparéde E. ( 1934). "Genèse de I'hypothèses". Archives de Psychologie, 24,1-155.
Collins A. M., & Loftus E. F. ( 1975). "A spreading activation theory of semantic processing". Psychological Review, 82,407-428.
Cooke N. J. ( 1989). "The elicitation of domainrelated ideas: Stage one of the knowledge acquisition process". In C. Ellis (Ed.), Expertise and explanation: The knowledge-language interface. (pp. 58-75). Chichester, England: Ellis Horwood.
Cooke N. J. ( 1990a). "Empirically defined semantic relatedness and category judgment time". In R. Schvaneveldt (Ed.), Pathfinder associative networks: Studies in knowledge organization. (pp. 101-110). Norwood, NJ: Ablex.
Cooke N. J. ( 1990b). "Using Pathfinder as a knowledge elicitation tool: Link interpretation". In R. Schvaneveldt (Ed.), Pathfinder associative networks: Studies in knowledge organization. (pp. 227-239). Norwood, NJ: Ablex.