Zanzibar under Colonial Rule

By Abdul Sheriff; Ed Ferguson | Go to book overview

Two
The Formation of
a Colonial Economy
1915-1945

ED FERGUSON

The distinctive features of a colonial capitalist mode of production appeared in Zanzibar between 1915 and 1945. This new system was based on the exploitation of free labour by capital through a money relationship. It took place as labourers and peasant proprietors sold their commodities -- labour power, copra and cloves -- to landlords, merchants and the state in return for cash. What made this capitalism was the appropriation of surplus value by capitalists from producers in the transaction. Because the majority of producers in colonial Zanzibar did not become a landless proletariat as in classical capitalism, the term 'colonial capitalism' has been used for this stage of development. The purpose of this chapter is to explain how colonial capitalism functioned to exploit labourers and enrich capitalists and the state in Zanzibar between the beginning of World War I and the end of World War II.


Production and appropriation

When slavery was abolished in 1897, shortly after the islands of Unguja and Pemba had been made the British Protectorate of Zanzibar, measures were taken to ensure that the transition to free labour would not upset property relations. Owners received monetary compensation for the property they lost in persons, while their control of clove plantations was not disturbed. Many ex-slaves, unable to find land outside the plantation sector, were bonded with former masters as squatters on the old estates. They were joined by peasants and migrants to form the labour force in the export sector of the colonial economy.

-36-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Zanzibar under Colonial Rule
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Contributors vi
  • Illustrations vii
  • Preface ix
  • Introduction a Materialist Approach to Zanzibar's History 1
  • Notes 7
  • Part One Political Economy of Zanzibar 9
  • One: the Transition from Slavery 1873-1914 11
  • Introduction 11
  • Two: The Formation of a Colonial Economy 1915-1945 36
  • Three: The Struggle for Independence 1946-1963 79
  • Part Two Class Formation 107
  • Four: the Peasantry Under Imperialism 1873-1963 109
  • Notes 136
  • Five: the Decline of the Landlords 1873-1963 141
  • Six: The Contradictions of Merchant Capital 1840-1939 163
  • Seven: The Development of a Colonial Working Class 188
  • Appendix A 213
  • Appendix B 214
  • Appendix C 215
  • Appendix D 218
  • Eight: The 1964 Revolution 220
  • Conclusion 249
  • Notes 261
  • Bibliography 262
  • Index 271
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 280

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.