Kit Carson: A Pattern for Heroes

By Thelma S. Guild; Harvey L. Carter | Go to book overview

Chapter 13
The Conquest of California

War had been officially declared on Mexico on May 13, 1846. Official word did not reach Frémont until August,1 but belligerent actions of Californios2 convinced him that war had begun or would begin soon.3 His silence concerning his position caused people to believe he had authority. In response to a proclamation by Castro against Americans, a group of settlers came to ask his protection, and he agreed not to leave while they were in danger. Believing him to be under secret orders, Gillespie supported him in every way. Supposing that he had discretionary powers as the ranking army officer on the Coast, Commander Montgomery of the Ports- mouth, at anchor in the harbor at Yerba Buena, ( San Francisco Bay) offered him every assistance that did not interfere with his own duties. Commodre Sloat, Commander in Chief of U.S. Naval forces in the Pacific, was "very anxious to know if Captain Frémont" would cooperate with the Naval forces when, having received official notice that a state of war existed, the commodore decided on July 6 to hoist the American flag at Monterey.4

Three days later Sloat wrote to Frémont, bringing him up-to- date on developments and asking him to bring a hundred men to Monterey as a protective police force. Frémont immediately did so. Sloat asked him the basis of his authority. Fr'mont's statement

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Kit Carson: A Pattern for Heroes
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Maps viii
  • Contents viii
  • Preface ix
  • Chapter 1 - Moving West 1
  • Chapter 2 - Across the Prairie 16
  • Chapter 3 - Too Small, Too Young, Too Green 26
  • Chapter 4 - Trapping to California 34
  • Chapter 5 - Rocky Mountain Men 46
  • Chapter 6 - Kit Takes a Wife 59
  • Chapter 7 - Blackfoot Country 70
  • Chapter 8 - Decline of the Mountain Men 83
  • Chapter 9 - Carson Meets Frémont 96
  • Chapter 10 - Lost in the Great Basin 108
  • Chapter 11 - Across the High Sierra 122
  • Chapter 12 - Waiting for War 138
  • Chapter 13 - The Conquest of California 151
  • Chapter 14 - Famous Dispatch Rider 163
  • Chapter 15 - Farmer and Scout 180
  • Chapter 16 - Agent to the Utes 198
  • Chapter 17 - Kit Fights to Save the Union 218
  • Chapter 18 - The Navajo Campaign 231
  • Chapter 19 - The Coup at Adobe Walls 250
  • Chapter 20 - General Carson and the Utes 261
  • Chapter 21 - Adios 276
  • Afterword 285
  • Notes 297
  • Bibliography 335
  • Index 347
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