problems associated with automated systems in driving. Both studies showed that following a failure in automation, drivers are slower to recover from system failure than drivers who are manually engaged in driving. The findings have important implications for automated highway systems (AHS). The studies suggest that AHS should attempt to keep the driver within the driving loop in order to guard against performance impairments. The research reinforces Hancock et al.'s ( 1996) view that human centered design approaches are superior to full automation of a task.
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