in developing cognitive processes. Jim Kaput gives an analysis of why this has been the case, suggesting that a radical reformulation of the mathematics curriculum may be in order. Herb Koplowitz and Arthur Whimbey illustrate how some aspects of this reformulation have been implemented experimentally at the introductory or remedial level and describe problems that the teacher must be prepared to face. Finally, Alan Schoenfeld concludes on an optimistic note by showing that problem-solving heuristics can indeed by taught to mathematics students . . . sometimes.
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von E Glasersfeld. "Cybernetics, Experience and the Concept of Self." In Toward the More Human Use of Human Being, edited by M. N. Ozer, Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1979.
Wittgenstein, L. Philosophical Investigations. New York: MacMillan, 1953.