CONSTITUTIONAL REFORM AFTER 1960
"Europeans here are sensible enough not to care two hoots what is said in the House of Commons. The formula for those in control of the Federation must be: for overseas critics as much contempt as you can, and for our own people keep the public sweet."
Lord Malvern in speech to the League of Student Parliamentarians, Bulawayo, S. R., May 21, 1959.
Article 99 of the Federal Constitution provides that not less than seven nor more than nine years from the date of its coming into force there shall be convened a conference consisting of delegations from the Federation, from each of the three Territories and from the United Kingdom for the purpose of reviewing that constitution.
In a meeting held in April, 1957, in London between Sir Roy Welensky (the Federation Prime Minister), Julian Greenfield (his Minister of Justice), and the Secretaries of State for the Commonwealth and the Colonies ( Lord Home and Alan Lennox-Boyd), it was agreed that:
. . . the conference shall be convened in 1960--the earliest possible date --and that the purpose of this conference is to review the Constitution in the light of the experience gained since the inception of Federation and in addition, to agree on constitutional advances which may be made. In this latter context the conference will consider a programme for the attainment of such a status as would enable the Federation to become eligible for full membership in the Commonwealth.1
The decision to begin the work of constitutional revision as soon as possible was forced upon a reluctant British Government at the in-