SOVEREIGNTY is an essential characteristic of the political state, not only for non-communists but for communists as well, but while the recent development of international law has shown a tendency to lessen the emphasis on sovereignty by stressing the interdependence of modern states, communist philosophy has increased it. This is a logical development, in line with the concrete interests of the Soviet Régime, aiming to establish a network of free sovereign nationalities, which nuclei are later to consolidate in the class-less and state-less commonwealth.
Theories of Sovereignty
There are two major schools of thought regarding sovereignty. One bases its definition upon the concept of illimitability: the unlimited right to govern; the unlimited capacity to rule; the unlimited concentration of granted rights; unlimited authority within the domain of the state.1 The other finds its explanation in the theory of spontaneous self-existence: sovereignty is a juridical expression of the individuality of a state; the capacity for "legal" self-determination; the conception of the state as an independent spontaneous juridical person. This latter theory appears to be the more acceptable to the Soviet Régime, for due to its flexibility it is much more adjustable to the requirements of the actual policies of the Soviet Union. It is upon this basis of spontaneity, coupled with the belief in the righteousness of the cause pursued by communism, that a unique conception of sovereignty may be envisaged: from the point of view of domestic political theory, sovereignty for communists is the spontaneous right of the proletariat to struggle for its supremacy; from the international point of view it resolves itself into a paramount right of self-determination for nationalities. Since, however, the proletarian right to struggle and national self-determination, both