THE present study has attempted to analyze the Soviet experiment of applying the communistic theories of Karl Marx in the field of international law. In seeking to discover the practical value of this experiment with international law, one must bear in mind that inasmuch as the communists' conception of state is that of a struggle of classes, whose ultimate aim is world revolution, involving the abolition of all states, the Soviets might well be shut out from any international relations with other members of the family of nations. Since, however, the latter, although making no concessions to communist political theories, have nevertheless not excluded the Soviets from international intercourse, it is evident that the Soviet Government has found some method of compromise between the abstract revolutionary theories of the communists and the concrete political necessities with which it is confronted. This compromise is effected by transfusing the fundamental principles of international law with a communistic interpretation, while leaving their practical application to the dictates of political opportunism. This results in an inconsistent dualism.
Thus the state--for communists a struggle of classes--is acknowledged by Soviet diplomacy to possess most of the characteristics of the non-communist state. Sovereignty--for communists a phenomenon quite distinct from that of the non- communists--in Soviet practice carries with it all the rights inherent in the conservative conception. Persons--for communists theoretically disindividualized units of a class, ultimately to have no political nationality--in Soviet practice are definitely individual bearers of political allegiance and of all the rights and duties resulting therefrom. Diplomatic agents--theoretically