February 10, 1934
HERE are two additional suggestions with reference to the suppression of crime.
First, that each large police department throughout the country should have what might be called a crime liquidation bureau which would have to do primarily, and perhaps exclusively, with crimes that had remained unsolved for say a period of sixty or ninety days. The argument is that a special department dealing with this particular follow-up method would get results whereas now many unsolved cases go into permanent cold storage.
Secondly, that some movement be instituted to encourage trial judges, both federal and state, to refuse to grant bail after conviction and sentence in the trial court unless there is very substantial reason for believing that there might be a reversal on appeal. This suggestion was made to me by former Secretary of State Stimson who said it worked very well in New York at a time when he was United States attorney.
I should be very glad to have you think this latter matter over and discuss it with me at some convenient time.
February 12, 1934Following up my memorandum of Saturday in the matter of delay by appeal and the manner in which this subject has been brought home to us in connection with the Delaware County cases, it occurred to me that you might make some inquiry, or cause one to be made, which will answer the following questions, namely:
1. In what proportion or to what extent do U. S. district judges grant bail on appeals after verdict in criminal cases? 2. What proportion of these appeals are successful in the circuit court ?