Studies in Personnel and Industrial Psychology

By Edwin A. Fleishman | Go to book overview

much a product of learning as are correct information, effective skills and desirable attitudes. From a practical standpoint, this means that we must continually evaluate the results of placing employees in learning situations. We need to know what facilitates and what retards practice. Many techniques used in modern training such as visual aids in training devices have "face validity," i.e., they look good. Actually such aids to training may not facilitate and may even retard learning. It is entirely possible, for example, that the case study method of training executives may increase the elegance with which a problem is approached but have absolutely no effect upon the quality of the solution.


LEARNING THEORY AND INDUSTRIAL TRAINING

These, then, are some aspects of learning theory in relationship to industrial training as I see them. One more sentence or two. A fully adequate theory of learning will not emerge from the animal laboratories and the classroom. These theories must hold also in the factory and the office. Likewise, learning experience in the factory and office should give cues for laboratory investigations. I would plead therefore for more and more interchange between the learning theorist and the industrial trainer. This cohabitation will aid in giving both "freedom from the swirling events" surrounding the problems of learning and training.


17. Lecture versus Group Decision in Changing Behavior*

Jacob Levine and John Butler

IN THIS STUDY, group decision is compared with formal lecture as a method of producing changes in behavior. Both methods are then compared with one in which no attempt is made to bring about any change. Thus, the experiment was designed to answer two questions: (1) Is the acquisition of knowledge enough to lead a group of individuals to change a socially undesirable behavior pattern? (2) Is group decision a more effective method of producing a change in behavior than is the formal lecture?


THE EXPERIMENT

The subjects consisted of 29 supervisors of 395 workers in a large manufacturing plant. The workers were on an hourly rate. These fac-

____________________
*
From Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 36, 1952, pp. 29-33.

-163-

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