Studies in Personnel and Industrial Psychology

By Edwin A. Fleishman | Go to book overview
1. What effects do time constraints, initial job assignments, and restrictions on communication among players have on the speed with which teams organize, on the kinds of organization that they develop, and on the amount of long-range planning and budgeting that they do?
2. Under conditions where players do not have time to reconsider all possible decisions every month, how do they decide which problems deserve attention? How does the choice of problems that team will work on affect its performance against competition?
3. By varying the number and size of firms in an industry, what changes do we observe in competitive patterns (decisions on price, advertising, product research, etc.
4. In what ways does a team's pattern of organization affect its short and long run performance? Does a team which is allowed to develop its own organization structure, for example, perform better or worse against competition than a team whose organization has been imposed by the Board of Directors?

24. Human Relations Training and the Stability of Leadership Patterns*

Edwin F. Harris and Edwin A. Fleishman

RECENT YEARS have seen the development of an increasing number of supervisory training programs among industrial organizations. These programs deal in large measure with the area broadly defined as "human relations." Essentially, these training courses must be viewed as attempts to modify or "improve" the behavior of supervisors in dealing with their groups in their everyday working relationships.

Until recently, however, little evidence was available concerning the actual outcomes of such training. What few evaluations had been made were often quite limited, dealing for example with trainees' or supervisors' impressions of the value of the training or with indices of supervisory attitudes immediately before and after the training course. In a recent study by Fleishman,1 an attempt was made to obtain a more

____________________
*
From Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 39, No. 1, 1955, pp. 20-25. The study was carried out with the cooperation of the International Harvester Company.
1
E. A. Fleishman, "Leadership Climate, Human Relations Training, and Supervisory Behavior," Personnel Psychology, Vol. 6, 1953, pp. 205-22. (Editor's note: See Section V, pp. 315-28).

-230-

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