Studies in Personnel and Industrial Psychology

By Edwin A. Fleishman | Go to book overview

1 to 7 were assigned arbitrarily to the responses in each item, the smaller numbers being assigned to the responses indicating dissatisfaction. The range of possible total scores was 4 to 28. This system of scoring correlated .997 for 301 cases with a system of scale values assigned on the basis of z-scores. The corrected split-half reliability coefficient for the scale for the same 301 cases was reported to be .93. The scale evidently has been assumed to have "face" validity.

The night school classes completed both blanks. The product-moment correlation between scores on the Hoppock blank (Form 11) and on the Bravfield-Rothe blank was .92. Although the two blanks were developed by different methods and contain items which over-lap only slightly they give results which are highly correlated.

A comparison was made between the means of the Personnel and Non-Personnel groups on the Hoppock blank. The mean for the Personnel group was 22.2 with an S.D. of 2.6; the mean for the Non-Personnel group was 19.2 with an S.D. of 4.0. The difference between the means is significant at the 1% level; the variances do not differ significantly.


SUMMARY

An attitude scale which purports to be an index of job satisfaction was constructed by a combination of Thurstone and Likert scaling methods. A reliability coefficient of .87 was obtained for one large group. Evidence for the high validity of the blank rests upon the nature of the items, the method of construction, and its differentiating power when applied to two groups which could reasonably be assumed to differ in job satisfaction. Scores on this blank were highly correlated with scores on the Hoppock blank in the sample studied.


31. Some Definitions of Morale*

Robert M. Guion

THE PURPOSE OF this article is to discuss various definitions of the term "morale." There is some confusion in how the term "morale" is used, so it seems useful to review this problem and to clarify some of the meanings attached to this concept, leaving aside related terms such as "job satisfaction," and "job attitudes."

____________________
*
From "Industrial Morale (A Symposium) 1. The Problem of Terminology," Personnel Psychology, Vol. 11, 1958, pp. 59-61. This symposium was presented at the 1957 Chicago Meetings of the Midwestern Psychological Association.

-301-

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