Studies in Personnel and Industrial Psychology

By Edwin A. Fleishman | Go to book overview

33.
Leadership Climate, Human Relations Training, and Supervisory Behavior*

Edwin A. Fleishman

INDUSTRIAL ORGANIZATIONS are becoming more deeply concerned with the interpersonal relations of their members. They seem increasingly anxious to reduce conflict and to promote harmonious working relationships. They are searching for policies and programs which can be used to promote greater satisfaction. Evidence of this can be seen in recent business and industrial literature which has given considerable emphasis to problems of human relations. Other evidence can be seen in the increasing number of leadership training programs which have been instituted in various industries. These industries want their supervisors to understand and be able to use certain techniques which will develop and sustain mutually satisfying human relations in the industrial situation. Implicit in these programs is the assumption that such relationships will result in increased organizational effectiveness.

The crucial role of leadership in this complex area of human relations has long been recognized but significant research in this area is a fairly recent development. The present paper represents a summary of research that was undertaken to throw at least some light on certain complex factors which might affect the leadership role of the foreman in industry.


PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

The study consisted of two major phases. The first phase was concerned with the development of dependable research instruments for measuring different aspects of leadership behavior, attitudes, and expectations. The present paper will discuss this developmental work only briefly. More detailed descriptions of this work have been presented elsewhere.1

____________________
*
From Personnel Psychology, Vol. 6, 1955, pp. 205-22. This paper represents a summary of research carried out with the cooperation of the International Harvester Company.
1
E. A. Fleishman, Leadership Climate and Supervisory Behavior ( Columbus, Ohio: Personnel Research Board, Ohio State University, 1951); E. A. Fleishman, "The Description of Supervisory Behavior," Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 37, 1953, pp. 1-6; E. A. Fleishman, "The Measurement of Leadership Attitudes in Industry," Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 37, 1953, pp. 153-58.

-315-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Studies in Personnel and Industrial Psychology
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 638

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.