Studies in Personnel and Industrial Psychology

By Edwin A. Fleishman | Go to book overview

tems, and of optimum allocation of functions among the several men in such systems.

The theoretical and methodological direction of future research will place increasing emphasis on the topic of small-group proficiency, in the setting of a complex man-machine system which must solve externally paced problems in real time. More use will be made of measures of controller interactions and individual behavior in an effort to relate these theoretically to system performance.

Unfortunately, currently there is no effective framework or theoretical model for dealing with system research. The concepts, terminology, and models of present-day social psychology and personality theory are of little use for our present purposes. Thus, in our further investigations of complex systems we are faced with the development of theory in a relatively new area of psychology, an area lying between traditional experimental psychology, which centers its interest on the study of single subjects under carefully controlled conditions, and social psychology, which studies the behavior of individuals in groups, but only infrequently has been able to bring the environment and the tasks to which these groups are subjected under adequate experimental control. During the past two years, we have succeeded in creating a realistic task in the laboratory, we have developed meaningful and relatively highly reliable measures of group proficiency in problem solving, and we have been able to determine empirically the effects of several important input, display, and procedural variables. Our current major effort is to develop more effective theory for relating the empirical findings to more specific aspects of individual behavior on the one hand, and to a wider type of group problems on the other hand.


64. The Speed and Accuracy of Reading Horizontal, Vertical, and Circular Scales*

Norah E. Graham

A SERIES OF experiments has been designed to compare the human response to numerical information displayed on horizontal, vertical, and

____________________
*
From Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 40, No. 4, 1956, pp. 228-32.

Acknowledgments are due to Professor R. C. Browne for his advice in this work, and to Mr. H. Campbell, B.A., F.S.S., for statistical help; also to the Department of Photography, Medical School, King's College, Newcastle upon Tyne, for their cooperation in making the films.

-611-

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