ization, because most of the new jobs are in low-wage manufacturing and service occupations, and these jobs are easily filled by exploitable immigrants.
To apply to Latino populations, it is clear that, at the very least, the under- class/deindustrialization framework must be expanded to take into account both the traditional and modern mixes of industry and of the informal economy in any given locale, along with immigration, the niches in urban space into which Latinos fall, and the extent of government investment. Even with such modifications, the perspective does not account for important cultural and historical differences in social organization between Latinos and others at the community and family levels.
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