versal entitlements may be a way of widely extending beneficial services and scarce resources without completely redistributing power and wealth through a revolutionary struggle. It may be, however, that without the threat of the latter, elite members of the racial-ethnic majority will not be willing to move toward the former.
Finally, we should realize that although we have arrayed strategies on changing the whole society, these useful analytic distinctions are less important in actual practice. Changing the whole system inevitably involves changing individual attitudes, and for individual attitude changes to have much positive impact, they must be harnessed to behavioral changes in large, powerful social groups and institutions. Now that we know what our racial-ethnic problems are and what many proposed solutions involve, it is our responsibility to creatively figure out what to do so that the mistakes of the past, or new racial-ethnic patterns that are just as bad, do not overwhelm us.
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