the effects of membership in the groups, it would be expected that the perception of mutual support or influence in the groups would also have been related to the subjects' reactions to the power figures. Since this relationship was not found, some other factor in group membership would seem to be necessary. This factor apparently is "interest" in the fate of the other group member, since it correlated with reactions to the power figure.A problem is thus raised as to the origin and meaning of interest in another subject. A clue as to its origin is given by the correlation of interest with normativeness or the perception of mutual support and influence. This interchange of support and influence among the members may then have led to the greater integration of the two subjects into a group. They may then have taken an interest in each other's welfare or fate as members of the same group. Another interpretation of interest stated earlier was that high interest is predicated on the subject's perception of his similarity to the other subordinate town-planner. Similarity to the other person becomes the basis of the formation of a group consisting of the two subordinates. Thus, a group may have been formed because of the mutual influence or the similarity of the subjects.The question then arises as to why membership in the group and its manifestation in high interest should be related to greater independence of the power figure. One possible answer is that the subject perceived himself to be a member of a group of subordinates like himself while he was in face-to-face contact with the power figure. He could then behave as a representative of this group, and therefore be more independent of a threatening power figure. This interpretation in terms of self-perception as a member of a group of subordinates points to the problem of a perceptual aspect of group membership. This perceptual aspect may prove to be independent of, and different in effects from, attraction to the group, as was found in the present study.
REFERENCES
1. Bales R. F. Interaction process analysis. Cambridge: Addison-Wesley, 1950.
2. Gerard H. B. "The anchorage of opinion in face-to-face groups." Hum. Relat., 1954, 7, 313-325.
3. Kelley H. H. "Communication in experimentally created hierarchies." Hum. Relat., 1951, 4, 39-56.
4. Thibaut J. "An experimental study of underprivileged groups." Hum. Relat., 1950, 3, 251-278.
5. Wright M. E. "The influence of frustration on the social relations of young children." Character & Person., 1943, 12, 111-122.

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