CENTRAL AMERICAN COURT OF JUSTICE
214. The Court and its formation. -- In 1906 numerous differences leading to warlike situations arose between the Central American countries.1 President Roosevelt of the United States and President Diaz of Mexico interposed their good offices with the result that Guatemala, San Salvador, and Honduras, with the moral sanction of Costa Rica and Nicaragua, entered into an agreement re-establishing peace and providing for the reference of future differences to arbitration by the presidents of the intervening nations. This agreement was entered into on board the American cruiser, Marblehead, on the open sea near Corinto. The following year a conference was had in the city of Washington in which representatives of five nations took part, and this led to treaties covering a number of points, the most important for our purposes being the Convention for the establishment of the Central American Court of Justice, which was signed under date of December 20, 1907.
By this the several countries agreed to maintain a permanent tribunal to which they
bound themselves to submit all controversies which may arise among them, of whatsoever nature and no matter what their origin may be, in case the respective Departments of Foreign Affairs should not have been able to reach an understanding.
A further article provided that
this court shall also take cognizance of the questions which individuals of one Central American country may raise against any of the other contracting governments, because of the violation of treaties or conventions, and other cases of an international character; no matter whether their own government supports said claim or not; and provided that the remedies which the laws of the respective countries provide against such violation shall have been exhausted or that denial of justice shall have been shown.
By an amended protocol it also had "jurisdiction over cases arising between any of the contracting governments and individuals, when by common accord they are submitted to it." The court could in addition take cognizance of international questions which by special agreement any one of the Central American governments and a foreign government might determine to submit.____________________