CONVENTION FOR THE PACIFIC SETTLEMENT OF INTERNATIONAL DISPUTES1
ARTICLE 1. With a view to obviating, as far as possible, recourse to force in the relations between states, the contracting powers agree to use their best efforts to insure the pacific settlement of international differences.
ART. 2. In case of serious disagreement or dispute, before an appeal to arms, the contracting powers agree to have recoursp, as far as circumstances allow, to the good offices or mediation of one or more friendly powers.
ART. 3. Independently of this recourse, the contracting powers deem it expedient and desirable that one or more powers, strangers to the dispute, should, on their own initiative and as far as circumstances may allow, offer their good offices or mediation to the states at variance.
Powers strangers to the dispute have the right to offer good offices or mediation even during the course of hostilities.
The exercise of this right can never be regarded by either of the parties in dispute as an unfriendly act.
ART. 4. The part of the mediator consists in reconciling the opposing claims and appeasing the feelings of resentment which may have arisen between the states at variance.
ART. 5. The functions of the mediator are at an end when once it is declared, either by one of the parties to the dispute or by the mediator himself, that the means of reconciliation proposed by him are not accepted.
ART. 6. Good offices and mediation undertaken either at the request of the parties in dispute or on the initiative of powers strangers to the dispute have exclusively the character of advice, and never have binding force.
ART. 7. The acceptance of mediation cannot, unless there be an agreement to the contrary, have the effect of interrupting, delaying, or hindering mobilization or other measures of preparation for war.
If it takes place after the commencement of hostilities, the military operations in progress are not interrupted in the absence of an agreement to the contrary.
ART. 8. The contracting powers are agreed in recommending the application, when circumstances allow, of special mediation in the following form:
In case of a serious difference endangering peace, the states at variance choose respectively a power, to which they intrust the mission of entering into direct communication with the power chosen on the other side, with the object of preventing the rupture of pacific relations.____________________