RULES OF THE PERMANENT COURT OF INTERNATIONAL JUSTICE1
ARTICLE 1. Subject to the provisions of Article 14 of the Statute, the term of office of judges and deputy-judges shall commence on January 1st of the year following their election.
ART. 2. Judges and deputy-judges elected at an earlier session of the Assembly and of the Council of the League of Nations shall take precedence respectively over judges and deputy-judges elected at a subsequent session. Judges and deputy-judges elected during the same session shall take precedence according to age. Judges shall take precedence over deputy-judges.
National judges chosen from outside the Court, under the terms of Article 31 of the Statute, shall take precedence after deputy-judges in order of age.
The list of deputy-judges shall be prepared in accordance with these principles.
The Vice-President shall take his seat on the right of the President. The other Members of the Court shall take their seats to the right and left of the President in the order laid down above.
Nevertheless the retiring President, whatever may be his seniority according to the preceding provisions, shall take his seat on the right of the President, the Vice-President taking in such case his seat on the left. This rule, however, shall not affect the other privileges or the powers conferred by the Statute or Rules of Court upon the Vice-President or the eldest judge.
ART. 3. Deputy-judges whose presence is necessary shall be summoned in the order laid down in the list referred to in the preceding Article, that is to say, each of them will be summoned in rotation throughout the list.
Should a deputy-judge be so far from the seat of the Court that, in the opinion of the President, a summons would not reach him in sufficient time, the deputy-judge next on the list shall be summoned; nevertheless, the judge to whom the summons should have been addressed shall be called upon, if possible, on the next occasion that the presence of a deputy-judge is required.
Should a deputy-judge be summoned to take his seat in a particular case as a national judge, under the terms of Article 31 of the Statute, such summons shall not be regarded as coming within the terms of the present Article.
ART. 4. In cases in which one or more parties are entitled to choose a judge ad hoc of their nationality, the full Court may sit with a number of judges exceeding the number of regular judges fixed by the Statute.____________________