Teaching Strategies for Higher Level Skills
Thinking is best taught by direct and systematic instruction. Many people assume that if thinking is learned, it is learned in the course of ordinary experiences at home and at school and does not require special instruction. It is true that reading, writing, solving math problems, and other tasks improve thinking ability. It is also true that walking, running, and playing help youngsters acquire skills useful in gymnastics, but no one thinks that expertise at gymnastics is the automatic by-product of such activities. To master gymnastics skills, the student must receive formal training in those skills. To master thinking skills, the student must receive formal instruction in those skills. The program developers agree that the best way to teach thinking is with a head-on approach.
-- Paul Chance, Thinking in the Classroom: A Survey of Programs
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