if not worse legislation coming from government. Only then can an industry association legitimately spend its member dues on rallying behind a self-regulatory regime" ( Balkam, 1997, p. 9).
On the other hand, it is the role of government to reflect the legitimate concerns of the public and to bring these issues to a wider audience through hearings, press conferences, and possibly draft legislation. Thus, it is often that government uses its power to "embarrass, criticize, or even humiliate an industry into recognizing its shortcomings" ( Balkam, 1997, p. 9), in short, to browbeat them into compliance with socially responsible goals. With the right oversight and controls, self-regulation is far more attractive than government regulation, but it takes time, money, and resources to make it work. It also requires a healthy partnership between industry, government, and the general public for it to succeed.
Balkam Stephen. "Content Ratings for the Internet and Recreational Software". Submission to the National Telecommunications and Information Administration report on Privacy and Self Regulation, January 1997.
Balkam Stephen. "Testimony Regarding the Protection of Children from Computer Pornography Act of 1995". Submission to U.S. Senate Judiciary Committee Hearings, July 1995.
Federman Joel. Media Ratings: Design, Use and Consequences. Mediascope, Inc. Studio City, CA. 1996.
Reagle J. M., Evans M., and Shareck P. RSACi Case Study." Electronic Commerce and Marketing Course, MIT's Sloan's School of Business Management, Boston, Mass., 1996.
Resnick Paul, and Miller James. "PICS: Internet Access Controls without Censorship". Communications of the ACM (vol. 39, no. 10, p. 87-93), October 1996.
Sieger Jonah. "from Washington: Communications Decency Act is Defeated: Landmark Victory for Netizens". Communications of the ACM (vol. 39, no. 8, p. 13-15), August 1996.
Much of the background information in this article was developed as part of a case study on RSACi during an internship at RSAC by Joseph M. Reagle, Jr., Michael Evans, and Patrick Shareck for an Electronic Commerce and Marketing Course at MIT's Sloan's School of Business Management, Boston, Massachusetts during the spring of 1996.