The V-Chip Debate: Content Filtering from Television to the Internet

By Monroe E. Price | Go to book overview

designed. It is occasionally criticized by those in the motion picture industry unhappy with a rating or ratings, by certain commentators who deplore any perceived restrictions and who can find fault with a particular aspect of the rating system or a specific rating, and by those who demand more restrictions and even censorship. CARA generally lets the ratings speak for themselves and does not publicly attempt to defend any specific rating.

The rating system has survived for almost thirty years and continues to be widely used. Few institutions would have such longevity unless they provided a valuable public service. The rating system does.


Notes
1.
See Jane M. Friedman, The Motion Picture Rating System of 1968: A Constitutional Analysis of Self- Regulation by the Film Industry, 73 COLUM. L. REV. 185 ( 1973); see also Bill Broadway, Holly wood as Babylon: Not Satisfied with Movie Industry's Rating System, Christian Groups Offer Their Own Warning Guides For Parents, WASH. POST, Aug. 24, 1996, at D6; Timothy M. Gray, The Movie Ratings Codes: Grade it C for Confusing, CHI. SUN-TIMES, Jan. 23, 1994, at INC; Joanna Connors, Industry's Movie Rating Is Labeled a Farce, PLAIN DEALER, Aug. 18, 1990, at 1E.
2.
The Classification and Rating Administration ("CARA") is a part of the Motion Picture Association of America.
3.
For a detailed description of the history and workings of the ratings system, see JACK VALENTI, MOTION PICTURE ASSOCIATION OF AMERICA, THE VOLUNTARY MOVIE RATING SYSTEM, HOW IT BEGAN; ITS PURPOSE; THE PUBLIC REACTION ( 1996).
4.
See generally F. WALSH, SIN AND CENSORSHIP: THE CATHOLIC CHURCH AND THE MOTION PICTURE INDUSTRY ( 1996).
5.
See, e.g., Alexandra Marks, Who Should Rate TV Shows, Laymen v. Experts, "CHRISTIAN SCI, MONITOR, Mar". 13, 1996, at 1.
6.
VALENTI, supra note 3, at 4-5.
7.
VALENTI, supra note 3, at 11.
8.
Id. at 3.
9.
The Internet address is .
10.
VALENTI, supra note 3, at 11.
11.
The number of board members can range from eight to thirteen.
12.
See generally JONATHON GREEN, THE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CENSORSHIP ( 1990) (detailing government censorship in many countries).
13.
Id.
14.
See 3 J. D. LEE & BARRY A. LINDAHL, MODERN TORT LAW LIABILITY & LITIGATION §§ 29.35, 29.39 (rev. ed. 1996) (discussing parental liability for a child's torts and parental obligation to control a child).
15.
See Hal Hinson, Twenty Years of G and R Ratings; Plus X, PG, PG-13, and Don't Forget M, CHI. SUN- TIMES, Nov. 27, 1988, at G01; see also Jonathan Wacks, Just Who Are the People Who Censor Our Films?, L.A. TIMES, Oct. 7, 1991, at F3.
16.
See Marks, supra note 5.
17.
See Friedman, supra note 1, at 199.
18.
See, e.g., Mark Caro, The Heat is On: Will NC-17 Go Legit, CHI. TRIB., Sept. 10, 1995, at C1; Hal Hinson , Smash the Ratings System!; If This Isn't Censorship, Then Why Does It Feel Like It?, WASH. POST, Apr. 21, 1990, at G1, G19.
19.
See Bob Strauss, Debate on "Basic Instinct "; Film Thriller's Trials Illustrate Problems of NC-17 Rating, CHI. SUN-TIMES, Feb. 23, 1992, at Show-5.
20.
Id.
21.
See Jack Mathews, A System Rated NC-17, NEWSDAY, Nov. 22, 1992, at Fanfare-5.
22.
See Stephen Schaefer, Explicit "Kids " to Hit Screen Unrated, BOSTON HERALD, July 24, 1995, at Entertainment-27.
23.
For a discussion of court cases dealing with obscenity in movies, see Friedman, supra note 1, at 206-21.
24.
VALENTI, supra note 3, at 9.

-202-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
The V-Chip Debate: Content Filtering from Television to the Internet
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 363

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.