Intentions in Architecture

By Christian Norberg-Schulz | Go to book overview

4. Technics

In the following we do not intend to give a survey of the technical problems of building. Our task is only to render an account of the role of construction in the architectural totality, and with this purpose we should try to arrive at a definition of the technical dimension.

The technical dimension is usually treated in two different ways. Some take the materials as their point of departure and talk about 'wooden construction', and 'reinforced concrete construction', a classification which is employed in architectural practice and which appears in many handbooks.1 Others take their point of departure in what the construction does. It gives us foundations, walls, floor and ceiling, staircases, doors, and windows. All these parts of the building may be carried out in different materials.2 In our opinion it is neither satisfactory to take the materials nor the above-mentioned 'elements' as a point of departure for an investigation of building construction. In both cases we arrive at a fragmentary knowledge without really having understood the term 'technical system'.3 With this term we designate an ordered repetition of a limited number of technical elements. The elements can be made up of one or more materials. The simplest constructional method fulfilling this criterion is masonry of cut stone or brick. To explain the importance we give to the term, we have to anticipate some semantical considerations.

The construction is a necessary means of solving the building tasks. We have seen that the building tasks are ordered, that is, they may be described in terms of a collection of interrelated factors. The building task, for instance, usually demands an ordered repetition of defined dimensions. The formal structure also depends upon the ordered repetition of precise elements. The construction can only serve these structures by possessing a corresponding (or related) order. Adjustment to an order necessarily presupposes order. But the technical dimension also exhibits an

____________________
1
A text-book of this type is F. Hess: Konstruktion und Form im Bauen, Stuttgart 1949.
2
A handbook on this basis is M. Mittag: Baukonstruktionslehre, Gütersloh 1952.
3
As far as we know, Curt Siegel is the only one who has attempted to understand the technical dimension as a collection of technical systems, that is, from a structural point of view ( Strukturformen der modernen Architektur, München 1960). In English 'structure' and 'construction' are often used as synonyms. We find it convenient to give 'structure' a more general meaning, such as 'interrelation of parts'.

-161-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Intentions in Architecture
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page 3
  • Contents 5
  • Preface 7
  • I. Introduction 11
  • II. Background 25
  • 1. Perception 27
  • 2. Symbolization 53
  • III. Theory 83
  • 1. Towards an Integrated Theory of Architecture 85
  • 2. The Building Task 109
  • 3. Form 131
  • 4. Technics 161
  • 5. Semantics 167
  • 6. The Architectural Totality 179
  • IV. Outlook 191
  • 1. Experience 195
  • 2. Production 201
  • 3. Analysis 209
  • 4. Education 217
  • Bibliography 225
  • Index 233
  • Illustrations 243
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 293

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.