Overview: The $64 Billion Innovation
THIS CHAPTER has two interrelated objectives. First it will provide a summary of the federal government's employment and training policies and programs between 1962, when the Manpower Development and Training Act (MDTA) was passed, and the end of Fiscal Year 1979 (September 30), approximately one year after the reauthorization of the Comprehensive Employment and Training Act (CETA).
The second objective is to extract from this historical record a limited number of themes, some of which have been in the foreground of congressional debates and actions, and some of which have had a less exposed role in shaping and reshaping the nation's manpower policies during this period of rapid growth and redirection.
During this seventeen-year period, annual appropriations for employment and training, narrowly defined as programs under the jurisdiction of the U.S. Department of Labor, excluding the Employment Service, Unemployment Insurance, and federal administration, increased from approximately $81 million in 1963 to around $11 billion in fiscal year (FY) 1979, a more than 130-fold increase. The cumulative total is $64 billion.