.THE Speech from the Throne, on 19th January, asserted the King's perfect confidence that Parliament was prepared cordially to prosecute a war which there was no hope of terminating safely and honourably except through vigorous and persevering exertion. A Treaty of Alliance had been drawn up with Spain, and, so long as the people of Spain should remain true to themselves, His Majesty would continue to them his most strenuous assistance and support.
The debates, however, at once showed that, great as was the sympathy with Spain, there was nothing like agreement on the policy that the Peninsula was the place where the great effort should be made,"1 and that there was a widespread apprehension that England had risked too much in taking up her cause single-handed. This feeling was strengthened by the loss of Sir John Moore. It will be remembered that, late in October, Moore, in command of "the greatest British army that had ever been employed upon the continent of Europe,"2 misled by the enthusiasm of the Spanish patriots, and counting on the support of the Spanish armies, marched from Lisbon into the heart of Spain, and was met at Salamanca by a detachment landed at Corunna under Sir David Baird. But, meanwhile, the apathy and cowardice -- even treachery -- of the Spaniards had declared