capabilities of maritime powers from outside their region. In the future as in the past, the United States and Russia have a common interest in maintaining freedom of navigation for the benefit of the community as a whole.
The barricades crumbled rapidly after the United States claimed the continental shelf off its coast in 1945. Presidential Proclamation 2667, Sept. 28, 1945, 10 Fed. Reg. 12303 ( 1945). By 1952 Chile, Ecuador and Peru had joined to assert control over a 200-mile maritime zone off their coasts. Declaration on the Maritime Zone ( Santiago Declaration of 1952), Conference on the Exploitation and Conservation of the Maritime Resources of the South Pacific, Agreements and Other Documents 1952-1966 (English Version) ( 1967).