Critics of present institutional systems and structures can often appear as easily dismissing the diligent work that is carried out by the many bureaucrats and other professionals that staff these institutions. However, it would be a failure of the academic community if they were to avoid the hard issues of how those institutions function by sticking to their ivory towers. Without independent, and what I hope is constructive criticism, I am sure that all the people who work in or are involved in negotiating for better systems and structures which encourage a more efficient and open world trading system will take my comments in the spirit in which they were given. To the many people, too numerous to mention, in the Information and Media Relations Division at the GATT Office in Geneva, the International Trade Commission and International Trade Administration in Washington, the Canadian International Trade Tribunal, Departments of International Trade and External Affairs, and the Binational Secretariat in Ottawa, and the many other government departments and international bodies in North America and Europe responsible for trade matters, who took the time out of their busy schedules to speak with me, or who provided me with materials to support my research, I am deeply indebted for their help.
I would also like to thank the many colleagues and friends who supported me in the preparation of this book. Special mention must go to Professor Alan M. Rugman at the University of Toronto who has supported me in my endeavors since I was a graduate student at Dalhousie University, and Professor Alain Verbeke, who as my Doctoral Supervisor at Vrije Universiteit Brussel and a colleague, recognized the value and importance of this work by encouraging me to continue my research in this area. I would also like to thank the many anonymous reviewers for their invaluable comments and insights. At Westview Press helpful support has been provided to me by the Senior Editor and Editorial Director, Spencer Carr, as well as by Ellisa Braunstein, Alison Auch, Marykay Scott, and Anne-Barrie Norbeck in Acquisitions, and from Jennifer Blandford, Editorial Assistant and Deborah Rich the copy editor.
Financial and equipment support for preparing this book has been provided by the Ontario Centre for International Business Research Programme and Law Programme at the University of Toronto, and the Business and Management Department at City University of Hong Kong. Special thanks must go to Rosemary Anderson for her many patient hours spent editing and helping me to prepare the manuscript, and to Brad Olson who tirelessly helped me prepare the camera ready copy. As always, the responsibility for any comments or criticisms in the book can only be attributed to me, including any errors or omissions.
Andrew D.M. Anderson