United States by the U.S. administrative agencies.
Because of a lack of data, it was not possible to obtain a clear picture of the number of affirmative preliminary AD or CVD cases by Canada against the United States. In general, however, the number of Canadian affirmative AD cases against the United States is greater than for the United States against Canada: approximately 65 percent of all final AD cases. The CITT over the last five years appears to not only have made a major effort to clean up its administrative practices when handling AD cases, but to have thoroughly reviewed the AD cases that were already on the books: consequently, Canada has substantially reduced the actual number of AD cases in place from 156 at its peak over the 1979 through 1990 period to 74 cases at the end of 1990. However, it can still be expected to have future U.S. cases brought to the table. It will also take a number of years to assess whether the trend in the reduction of AD cases in effect will continue over the 1990s. To the extent that U.S. producers have cases brought against them in Canada, they are assured a five-year sunset provision unless extensive evidence is shown to warrant the continuation of the duty. Until the United States signs the proposed Subsidies Code in the 1994 GATT Uruguay Round Agreements, Canadian producers do not have the benefit of a sunset clause provision in the United States. For more on this issue see Chapter 7.
Chapter 3 contrasts the procedures used to administer the U.S. and Canadian "unfair" trade laws to see whether they have been contributing toward protectionism in Canada and the United States.