Separate and Unequal: Public School Campaigns and Racism in the Southern Seaboard States, 1901-1915

By Louis R. Harlan | Go to book overview

CHAPTER VIII
Educational Expansion and the Context of Racism

"THESE ARE STIRRING TIMES" said educational campaigner James Y. Joyner in 1909. "The forgotten man has been remembered; the forgotten woman has been discovered; the forgotten child shall have his full chance in the South at last, thank God."1 Edgar Gardner Murphy, a more analytical but not thereby less zealous participant, saw that "the campaign for the development of educational enthusiasm has gained astonishing headway in every state" and that "in helping the movement for 'more money' we have aided the South in assembling the raw materials, the stone and mortar, for the building of an educational system. But the nature of the building, from its very foundations, is still to be determined."2

Though Southern Education Board claims were sometimes excessive, there really was a remarkable expansion in Southern public education in the years after 1900. In eleven Southern states where the Board was active, annual expenditures for schools increased by $18,169,848 between 1900 and 1909. The total amount raised in these states between 1903 and 1909 was over $51,000,000.3 And the expansion continued to accelerate until the Great Depression of the thirties.

____________________
1
Twelfth Conference for Education in the South, Proceedings ( Atlanta, 1909), p. 212.
2
Murphy to Buttrick, November 14, 1907, Southern Education Board Papers, University of North Carolina.
3
[ George S. Dickerman and Wickliffe Rose], Southern Education Board: Activities and Results 1904-1910: Southern Education Board Publication No. 7 ( Washington, 1911), pp. 8-10, 13, 17-21, 225-26.

-248-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Separate and Unequal: Public School Campaigns and Racism in the Southern Seaboard States, 1901-1915
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 290

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.