IF MISSISSIPPI represented the most rural and agricultural state in the two western sections, Ohio was the most industrially and commercially advanced. Ohio was a land of contrasts, where the frontier and commercial ways of life were blended together. The state was as urban as Cincinnati, the most cosmopolitan and industrially active city in the West outside of New Orleans, and as agrarian as the countless farms and hamlets that dotted the verdant and rolling landscape of the inteႭ prior counties. A few Ohioans were as isolated as the Mississippi Piney Woods countrymen, but, in general, farmers were served by the numerous market centers scattered throughout the state.
The Democratic party was more highly organized in Ohio than in Mississippi, and local and state conventions, meetings, and celebrations were held with regularity. Towns, especially on court days, were rallying points for political speeches, debates, and discussions. As a result, Democratic constituents in Ohio were considerably more active and played a larger role in shaping party policy than their counterparts in Mississippi.
Ohio was older and more mature politically and economically than Mississippi. Consequently, the rate of growth immediately preceding the Panic had not been nearly so strenuous as it had been in Mississippi. In the two decades from 1830 to 1850, Ohio's population a little more than doubled, while Mississippi's increased nearly four and one half times.1 In 1838 Ohio reported thirty-eight banks with 11.3 million dollars of capital and 17.2 million dollars of loans and discounts. The____________________