MARKETING, STORAGE AND CO-OPERATIVES
The trade in commodities produced in Nigeria extends to foodstuffs such as grains, animal products, kola nuts, roots, pulses and vegetable oils, and to cloth, leather products, earthenware, soap, cotton, skins, rock-salt and tobacco. Some of the movement is from countryside to nearby urban areas but much is long-distance. The latter has been stimulated by the presence in the South of communities of Northern migrants and by Southern "stranger" settlements in the North; these retain a preference for products of the region of their origin.
Local trade is carried on almost entirely by Nigerians; they control the well-organized cattle and kola nut trade. In most parts of the country, internal trade is handicapped by lack of draft and pack animals but there is considerable waterborne traffic, via the Niger and the Benue, between the savannah country and the forest belt. The development of the railway and roads has substantially increased the volume of overland trade; this is likely to grow more rapidly in the future as the population becomes increasingly concentrated in urban areas.
This very concentration makes it important to foster local trade, and to overcome deficiencies in transport and marketing facilities and the absence of organized trading at the wholesale level for all commodities except cattle and kola nuts. Unless this trade is developed, the flow of supplies to the larger consuming centers may become inadequate to meet demand.
Map 8 shows those areas which produce surpluses of locally traded foodstuffs. All kola nut shipments originate in the West, livestock in