THE TWENTIETH CENTURY AND THE AGE OF PLATO; AN ANALOGY
I N one sense Hellenism is timeless. It is part of the permanent stuff of humanity and belongs to all its generations. Nothing is likely to antiquate the conception of ἀρετ△, the humanist gospel, the scientific temper, with which my third chapter dealt. M△γς, ςν το△τοις △△△ γηρ△οkεi.1 But while Hellenism as a whole has a universal appeal, certain epochs of its history appeal with special force to certain ages. This chapter treats of a period in its development which has a special relation to our own times and problems.
It is sometimes apparently forgotten that there are many different stages in that long history of Greek culture which opens before 1000 B.C. and closes with the fall of Constantinople. We are apt to speak as if 'the Greeks' began with Homer and ended with Aristotle and were almost as homogeneous as the Victorians--a single country with landscapes that varied, rather than a continent where we travel from one geological formation to another through ever-changing scenery. Not all____________________