Was Huck Black? Mark Twain and African-American Voices

By Shelley Fisher Fishkin | Go to book overview

Illustrations
The Fisk Jubilee Singers whose talents Twain lauded in the publicity blurb he wrote for their European tour in 1873, 6
Frederick Douglass, whose eloquence in the course of social conversation impressed Twain in 1869, 8
Mary Ann Cord, former slave, and servant at Quarry Farm, the Clemenses' summer home in Elmira, New York, whose storytelling inspired Twain's first contribution to the Atlantic Monthly, "A True Story" ( 1874), 8
"Sociable Jimmy". Facsimile page from the New York Times, 29 Novem­ er 1874, 20
When she was a young girl and Sam Clemens was a child, Mary Quarles, a slave, was Sam's constant companion on his uncle's Missouri farm during summers, responsible for looking after him, 34
Mark Twain at his writing desk in his octagonal study at Quarry Farm in 1874, the year he published "Sociable Jimmy" and "A True Story", 37
"I believed he was the greatest orator in the United States."★ Manuscript pages of "Corn-Pone Opinions," 56-57
"Worse Than Slavery". Thomas Nast.cartoon from Harper's Weekly in 1874, depicting the condition of African Americans in the South, 71
"A Company of Whites Lay in Ambush for a Party of Negroes Returning from Church, Killed Ten, and Wounded Thirteen." Illustration for Eugene Lawrence's report on recent atrocities in Harper's Weekly in 1874, 72
Mark Twain and John Lewis, a servant at Quarry Farm whose altruism, strength, and courage Twain admired deeply, and who may have served as one of the models for Jim in Huckleberry Finn, 87
Warner T. McGuinn, Baltimore attorney whose expenses at Yale Law School were paid for by Mark Twain, 91
Connecticut painter Charles Ethan Porter, whose apprenticeship in Paris was funded by Twain, at a birthday dinner thrown for him by his art students, 91
"Dey put chains on us. . . ." Manuscript pages of "A True Story," 98

-xiii-

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Was Huck Black? Mark Twain and African-American Voices
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Acknowledgments vii
  • Contents xi
  • Illustrations xiii
  • Introduction 3
  • Part One - Jimmy 11
  • 1 13
  • 2 41
  • Part Two - Jerry 51
  • 3 53
  • 4 68
  • Part Three - Jim 77
  • 5 79
  • 6 93
  • Part Four - Break Dancing in the Drawing Room 109
  • 7 111
  • 8 121
  • 9 128
  • Coda 145
  • Notes 147
  • Works Cited 219
  • Sociable Jimmy 249
  • Index 253
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