us they once at least partially had -- namely, equal rights with men in marriage, divorce, and remarriage.
In case of the husband's renunciation or disappearance or impotence or loss of caste or death: in these five predicaments a woman is allowed to remarry.
One who at first marrying a husband afterwards marries another may not be separated if five dishes of rice and a goat are offered by them. If five dishes of rice, goat and fees are offered, the second husband attains same world with the remarried wife.
When dharmaśāstra (religious law) is controversial, a rule based on logic is to be followed. Custom is powerful, and religious law is overruled by it.
The injunction of the dharmaśāstra (that) "the brother-in-law or a sapiṇḍa or a sagotra intending to procreate a son, with the permission of the preceptor, will approach a sonless woman in the monthly period, being annointed with clarified butter," and also the rule that "a woman is ordained [to take another husband in five calamitious conditions, such as] the disappearance or death of her husband," though prescribed by the dharmaśāstra, have been abandoned in actual practice. Asahaya's interpretation of the verse naṣṭe mṛte . . . is not available, as Asahaya's commentary has not yet been obtained in its entire form.