Colonial Bridgehead: Government and Society in Alexandria, 1807-1882

By Michael J. Reimer | Go to book overview

10
The Crisis of 1882

The Alexandria Riot and Its Aftermath

On Monday morning, 12 June 1882, European residents of Alexandria read the following notice in a local newspaper:1

Aux Européens d'Alexandrie. Chers Citoyens:
Des désordres graves ont éclatés hier à Alexandrie.
L'armée Egyptienne a rétabli l'ordre et ses chefs s'engagent à le faire
respecter.

Nous avons confiance en elle.

Nous sommes d'ailleurs parfaitement d'accord avec les autorités civiles et militaires sur les mesures nécessaires pour assurer la tranquillité publique.

Nous faisons appel à votre sagesse pour nous aider dans l'accomplissement de cette tâche commune.

Ne portez pas d'armes de feu.
Restez autant que possible dans vos demeures.
Evitez toutes les occasions de rixe ou de querelle.

En vue du bien général, il a été convenu entre les membres du corps consulaire soussignés que tous les cawas, sans distinction de nationalité, auraient les même pouvoirs de police vis-à-vis des étrangers.

Nous vous invitons à respecter leur autorité.

The city of Alexandria had indeed been shaken by 'grave disorders' on Sunday, 11 June 1882. While the port--and other cities in Egypt with European populations--had been the scene of inter-ethnic affrays and violent crime many times before, the magnitude of the June 1882 confrontation was plainly unprecedented.2

The riots of that day cost the lives of an untold number of Egyptians and Europeans. A physicians' report made at the Egyptian government hospital on the day following the riots noted that forty-

-171-

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Colonial Bridgehead: Government and Society in Alexandria, 1807-1882
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • State, Culture, and Society In Arab North Africa iii
  • Title Page v
  • For My Mother and Father, and My Wife, Marty vii
  • Contents ix
  • Tables, Maps, and Illustrations xi
  • Preface xiii
  • Introduction 1
  • Part One The Geographical And Historical Inheritance 15
  • 1- Between Egypt and the Sea 17
  • 2- The Ottoman Town 25
  • Part Two Muhammad Ali's City, 1807-1848 51
  • 4- Restructuring Urban Administration 65
  • 5- A Demographic Profile At Mid-Century 89
  • Part Three Bridgehead of Colonialism, 1848-1882 105
  • 6- The Boom Years 107
  • 7- Property and Privilege 123
  • 8- Administration and Society After 1850 137
  • 9- Mediterranean Magnet 159
  • 10- The Crisis of 1882 171
  • 11- Conclusion 183
  • Appendix Census Documents 197
  • Notes 201
  • Bibliography 235
  • Index 245
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